Offer a brief review that compares and contrasts the Psychoanalytic Therapy and the Adlerian Therapy. In your review, be sure to address the following points: Role of the therapist d. Psychodynamic theories are based on the idea that each person has thoughts and feelings that are hidden unconscious in the mind.
Once an individual associates him or herself with criminal behavior they are labeled by their community and expected to reoffend. Society now looks at these juveniles and wonder why it is that these children are behaving in such matter.
It has been clear by now what Juvenile Delinquency is and how it affects society. A juvenile is a youth teen ranging from as young as 9 years old till the age of 18 who engage in illegal criminal behavior. Defining delinquency is not the hard part, figuring out the reasons why adolescents commit crimes is.
The study of juvenile delinquency is important because it provides us with trustworthy and reliable theories that can help with understanding the motives of juveniles.
These theories fall under three categories, biological, sociological and psychological Biological Theory considers delinquent behavior as predisposed and revolves around the idea that children are born to be criminals. Cesear Lambrosso is credited for creating the major biological theory called Positivism.
His theory states that individuals whom grow up committing crimes have inherited biochemical and genetic factors. Lombroso also states that criminals tend to have certain facial features that are considered a predisposition to commit crime such as a flattened nose and supernumerary teeth.
Another criminalist, Sheldon, found that different body types made individuals behave differently. For example, he believed that mesomorphs were more likely to commit crimes because they were athletic, as opposed to the physic of an endomorph, a fat person Champion, Contemporary biological theories include the Biosocial Theory which states that both adolescent thought and behavior have biological and social bases Siegel and Welsh, This theory uses genetics and social environment to determine whether or not a child will become delinquent.
|Purchase Solution||Different theories have been discovered by different psychologists in an effort to properly define personality.|
|A Comparison of Psychodynamic Theories||Guilt or anxiety about sex LatencyStage Sexuality is latent, or dormant, during this period No fixations at this stage Genital stage The genitals; sexual urges return No fixations at this stage Oedipus Complex Freud believed that the crucially important Oedipus complex also developed during the phallic stage.|
|Blog Archive||Darrin Paul 1 Compare and contrast the aims and methods of Trait Theory with those of Personal Construct Theory Psychologists seek to explain and formulate why people behave differently in everyday common situations and to define individual differences in terms of the knowledge gained and it structure. The aims and methods of both theories will be critically compared and contrasted outlining their theoretical perspectives and the knowledge that each produce.|
While childhood behavior has a lot to do with a poor environment, disrupted socialization or inadequate parenting the biosocial theory presents the fact that we must also take into consideration their genes, because that is what ultimately makes everyone unique and makes all individuals react to their environment differently.
For example, a kid with a pathological trait such as a disability, an abnormal personality, brain damage or low IQ may be at high risk for committing crime. This risk is then increased by environmental stressors such as failure in school, bad parenting, substance abuse and delinquent peers.
There are many major social factors that are believed to cause or affect delinquent behavior such as social relations, community conditions, and level of violence, poverty, and racial disparity. All of these factors play a huge role in the way adolescents see their lives and help them turn to delinquent behavior.
There are numerous amounts of sociological theories that can describe different ways a child can become delinquent. Here are some of the ones that are most important. Social Disorganization theory is when a community reduces the chances of advancement for the children.
For example, schools have high dropout rates, high levels of graffiti, high poverty levels and so on. Residents in these areas experience conflict and despair and as a result they turn to antisocial behavior.
Cultural Deviance theories explain that due to the draining lifestyle of kids living in deteriorated neighborhoods they turn to social isolation and delinquent behavior. These behavior explained in cultural deviance create subcultures such as gangs and cults in which these adolescents join to feel accepted, loved and a part of a group.
When a society is creating conflict for a youth to achieve success, these teen experience status frustrations because they are not allowed to reach goals set by the larger society.
Siegel and Welsh, Two major types of theories include Psychodynamic theory and Social Learning theory.
The Id is the drive for immediate gratification and can explain delinquency acts such as shoplifting or burglary. The ego is the realization of real life and helps control the Id.
Superego develops through interactions with parents and other responsible adults and develops the conscience of moral rules. This psychodynamic approach states that traumatic experiences during early childhood can prevent the ego and superego from developing properly, therefore leaving the Id with greater power Champion, Social Learning theory is also a major theory that implies that criminal behavior is learned through close relations with others, it asserts that children are born good but learned to be bad.
This theory states that all people have the potential to become criminals because modern society presents many opportunities for illegal activity but one has the choice to not engage. If a child is raised in a clean community that has strong morals and if that child has positive role models at home and in the community, he or she is more likely to grow up achieving her goals.
Opposing that scenario, when you have a child growing up in a poor neighborhood where he or she is surrounded by gangs, drugs and violence every day, it is very likely that this child will grow up committing crimes.
McDavid and McCandless, Once these theories have been carefully analyzed, applying them to our juveniles in a case by case scenario can help deter and keep our children from choosing a life of criminal behavior.
The Juvenile Justice System: Delinquency, Processing, and the Law. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
Theory, Practice, and Law.A sense of entitlement, along with the expectation that life should be much easier and less frustrating than it actually is, often lies behind the expression of narcissistic rage, a feature of Narcissistic Personality Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, Borderline Personality Disorder and other superficially discrete categories of .
1 Compare and contrast the aims and methods of Trait Theory with those of Personal Construct Theory Psychologists seek to explain and formulate why people behave differently in everyday common situations and to define individual differences in terms of the knowledge gained and it structure.
6 sychological/T those things, such as painting, that give people pleasure. The other type of instinctual drive is destructive. Destructive drives refer to such things as aggression, destruction, and death.
9 The ego is the moderator between the demands . Most popular ones are trait theories, behavioral theories, contingency theories, and leader-member exchange (LMX) theory. The author of the post will briefly discuss two theories, Fiedler contingency theory and Leader-Member Exchange (LMX), and compare and contrast their strengths and weakness.
By contrast Trait theory is “the measurement of consistent patterns of habit in an individual's behavior, thoughts, and emotions” (“Trait Theory”, ).
While they are both methods of understanding human behavior the way that the different theories attempt to understand human behavior differ greatly. This paper will compare and contrast three developmental theories we have learned about throughout this class: social learning theory, psychoanalytic theory, and the psychosocial theory.
Developmental theories are beneficial to understand the behavior of a child, and though some may seem very different, they can share many similarities.