Land rights and ownership Two inter-related factors which influence hunger that are often ignored are land ownership and who controls land. The often heard comment one I once accepted as fact that there are too many people in the world, and overpopulation is the cause of hungercan be compared to the same myth that expounded sixteenth-century England and revived continuously since. Through repeated acts of enclosure the peasants were pushed off the land so that the gentry could make money raising wool for the new and highly productive power looms.
According to the Geneva Conventions ofcommon article 2 states that "all cases of declared war or of any armed conflict that may arise between two or more high contracting parties, even if the state of war is not recognized, the convention shall also apply to all cases of partial or total occupation of the territory of a high contracting party even if the said occupation meets with no armed resistance".
Military Keynesianism The economy may suffer devastating impacts during and after a time of war. According to Shank, "negative unintended consequences occur either concurrently with the war or develop as residual effects afterwards thereby impeding the economy over the longer term".
The status of the territories regarding slavery had not been decided by the beginning of the Mexican War. Even before the war ended the issue of slavery in the region . The industrial era had many effects, not the least of which was plunging the world into world war. One must consider the relationship between eras and events as a student of history. The causes and effects of the war changed the lives of many people. Many of the effects of the war are still evident in today. World War I began as a European conflict, only gradually did it .
When people become misplaced, they cannot continue to work or keep their businesses open, causing damages to the economy of countries involved. According to the World Bank the event that conflicts subside in the country, and in the event that there is a transition to democracy the following will result in an increase economic growth by encouraging investment of the country and its people, schooling, economic restructuring, public-good provision, and reducing social unrest.
This has occurred throughout all of the conflict periods, other than in the Afghanistan and Iraq war period. Another benefit commonly mentioned is that WWII established the appropriate conditions for future growth and ended the great depression.
Infrastructure Destruction of infrastructure can create a catastrophic collapse in the social interrelated structure, infrastructure services, education and health care system.
Labor force[ edit ] The labor force of the economy also changes with the effects of war. The labor force is affected in a multitude of ways most often due to the drastic loss of life, change in population, the labor force size shrinking due to the movement of refugees and displacement and the destruction of infrastructure which in turn allows for a deterioration of productivity.
This causes an economic shift in certain countries because after the war these women usually want to keep their jobs. The shortage of labor force during the — Iran—Iraq War enabled women to enter fields of employment that had previously been closed to them and absorbed them into a large number of much-needed jobs.
The war increased the number of women seeking work or resisting exclusion. Many women even occupied important positions for the first time".
As a set of rules and principles it aims, for humanitarian reasons, to limit the effects of armed conflict". Most wars have resulted in a significant loss of life. They are also basic human rights-the rights of each person on the planet to health, education, shelter, and security".
A collection of depictions of the brutalities of the Napoleonic-Peninsular War. Displacement[ edit ] Displacement or forced migration results most often during a time of war and can adversely affect both the community and an individual.
When a war breaks out, many people flee their homes in fear of losing their lives and their families, and as a result, they become misplaced either internally or externally. The following may have a severe economic impact on a country.
In53 percent of refugees worldwide originated from Somalia, Afghanistan, and Syria. In times of violence, people are displaced from their homes and seek places where they are welcome, periodically meeting places they are not welcome.
In response to an influx of refugees and asylum seekers from countries such as Afghanistan, Iraq, and Sri Lanka, Australia initiated a controversial plan in titled the Pacific Solution which called for all asylum seekers arriving by boat to be sent to the small and barren island Nauru.
In a post-displacement setting, male headed households had more earned income than female headed households. Informal work for females is more difficult in a post-displacement setting where they do not have access to the same tools as they did pre-displacement.
The Palestinian people have suffered from displacement as a result of armed conflict and the military occupation. The largest displacement caused due to war occurred inafter the United Nations agreed to have Palestine divided into two states.
It later became the Israeli decision that Palestinian refugees no longer were permitted to return to their lands unless it was to reunify a family. This prevents the opening of schools and increases teachers absenteeism.
In the case of Iraq, boys were pulled out of school to work for their families, and therefore the education gap for men and women shrank.
Wartime sexual violence Conflict negatively impacts women and men, which often results in gender-specific difficulties that are not recognized or addressed by mainstream communities across the globe Baden and Goetz, War impacts women differently as they are more likely to die from indirect causes as opposed to direct causes.
It stated that peace is directly linked to equality between men and women and to development post conflict Beijing Platform for Action. Plumper found that most women live longer when they are in peacetime, when compared to a state that is in armed conflict the gender gap of life expectancy drastically decreases in the male to female ratio.
Women suffer more harshly from the damage to the health as well as overall well being, other infrastructure damages, and the wider economic damage as well as from dislocation during and post-conflict. Because of this there is a dramatic economic cost effect on women causing many to bear the entire economic responsibility for their household.
This has severe consequences on men and women.In a world of plenty, a huge number go hungry. Hunger is more than just the result of food production and meeting demands. The causes of hunger are related to the causes of poverty.
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Typologies of War in Twentieth-Century Africa During the twentieth century Africa was ravaged by wars of one type or another. Some of them, especially the liberation wars, were part of the.